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CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE. 22nd ANNIVERSARY
28 June 2018 11:41

June 28, 1996, during the V-th session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the 2nd convocation Basic Law of our country - the Constitution of Ukraine was approved. The document was supported by two-thirds of the Parliament members (315 votes). It defined a strong presidential power, guaranteed the rights of private property, approved the new state symbols, the status of the Ukrainian language as a singular state language, Crimea was recognized as an autonomous republic within Ukraine. The Constitution of Ukraine in general was assessed positively by the international community as it declared universal, pan-European principles.

Since 1996, the Basic Law has been changed several times.

December 8, 2004, Parliament adopted amendments to the Constitution that transformed Ukraine into a parliamentary-presidential state. The authority of the president was limited, while the Parliament and the Government powers were significantly expanded.

In 2010, the Constitutional Court, without a vote in the Parliament, revoked the  Constitution of 2004 and reinstated the Constitution in edition of 1996, explaining this decision by "violation" of the procedures established in the Constitution during the adoption of reforms of 2004. Thus, Ukraine has returned to the presidential-parliamentary republic again.

During the Revolution of Dignity, on February 21, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada voted in favour of restoration the Constitution of 2004 by a constitutional majority (386 votes). So, the Parliament has again became the main authority in the political system of Ukraine.

In 2015, a bill on amending the Constitution in the part of decentralization was registered in Ukrainian Parliament. The financial decentralization of the regions, the establishment of the Prefect Institute, granting the president the right to dissolve local councils and the possibility of a specific procedure for the implementation of local self-government in separate districts of Donetsk and Lugansk regions were among the basic changes. At the moment, the bill was adopted after the first reading.

On June 2, 2016, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine supported the amendments to the Constitution on justice with the aim to conduct judicial reforming. The main principles of this reform were the return to the three-tier judicial system, the creation of the High Council for Justice, the mandatory re-certification of all Ukrainian judges, the double declaration of incomes (of their own and family members), and the deprivation judges immunity.

This year, the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko declared the initiative to fix in the Constitution of Ukraine the provisions on the European and Euro-Atlantic vector of development of our state. The relevant draft of amendments to the Basic Law is being processed by the Constitutional Commission.

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